What physiological factors affect the rate of how muscles grow and what is muscle hyperplasia? The most effective training is scientific advice for a quick set of muscle mass.
From what muscles grow faster?
We all know that doing sports makes muscles grow. However, from the point of view of anatomy, this is not entirely accurate, since the muscles themselves do not grow substantially (only their volume increases), and without sufficient nutrition how do muscles grow, even the best strength exercises are completely useless.
Muscle growth is a complex process of changing muscle fibers and surrounding tissues, requiring both regular increases in physical activity, and a sufficient amount of energy and time for recovery. Only the right combination of these factors causes the muscles to grow faster.
Physiology of muscle growth
From a scientific point of view, it is more correct to speak not about the growth of muscles, but about increasing their volume – the very number of muscle fibers practically does not change during life and is set genetically (1). Strength training really makes fibers stronger, but they do not provoke their growth.
Visual muscle growth is an increase in sarcoplasm (a nutrient fluid surrounding the muscle fibers), glycogen depots and hypertrophy (proliferation) of connective tissues. In fact, the athlete’s body learns to more effectively use and energize the existing muscle fibers.
How many muscles grow after training?
Studies show that the process of muscle growth begins 3-4 hours after training, and ends in 36-48 hours – which is why it makes no sense to train the same group of muscles more often how muscles grow. The main assistants for rapid growth and muscle recovery are nutrition and sleep.
Right after strength training how muscles grow after a workout, the body needs both digestible proteins to stop catabolic processes and carbohydrates in an amount of at least 100-150 g. The period when the body prefers to send the energy of food to the muscles is called the metabolic or carbohydrate window.
Carbohydrate is the main food for muscles
The correct strength training starts in the body various physiological processes how muscles grow, leading to an increase in the strength of muscle fibers. However, without sufficient energy intake in the form of carbohydrates, fats and proteins (in this sequence), there will be no muscle growth.
Carbohydrates are needed for the body to create glycogen stores (the main source of energy for muscles), fats – for the synthesis of testosterone and other hormones. The role of proteins in the process of muscle growth is often overestimated – in fact, even athletes have enough 100-150 grams of protein per day.
Nutrition before exercise
For the muscles to function, they need a fast supply of energy. That is why the body needs preliminary supplies of nutrients in energy depots. Before starting the exercise in the form of glycogen, there must be carbohydrates, which will then be consumed.
In total, the athlete can store up to 400-500 g of glycogen (100-150 g in the liver and 350-400 g in the sarcoplasm). Importantly, the lack of carbohydrates in the diet does not allow the body to form glycogen reserves for training and significantly limits the processes of muscle recovery and growth.
The best workouts for muscle growth
The most effective for muscle growth and synthesis of glycogen is the so-called “basic training”, which consists in performing multi-joint basic exercises that involve several large muscle groups at once how to make muscles grow faster. Exercises are performed with great weight and in 5-7 repetitions.
Such strength training provokes microdamages of muscle tissue, and the restoration of connective tissue after these microdamages leads to muscle growth. In addition, they increase the production of hormones that affect the growth of muscles – especially testosterone.
Features of sports metabolism
The main difference between the athlete’s metabolism and the metabolism of an unsportsman is the ability to more effectively use carbohydrates and regulate the level of insulin in the blood how to make muscles grow faster. Carbohydrates are processed into glycogen and sent to the muscles, rather than to fat stores.
That is why the increased caloric intake (at least by 20% above the norm) is extremely important for muscle growth – otherwise the body will simply have neither energy nor the stimulus for launching complex how muscles grow, labor-consuming and energy-consuming processes to increase the musculature.
Muscle growth occurs both due to the growth of connective tissues, and by increasing the volume of energy depots of muscles. At the same time, nutrition is more important than strength training itself, and it is not so much proteins that are important, as are the correct sources of carbohydrates and fats.